Active or passive voice in essays

You will likely find that your new sentence is stronger, shorter, and more precise: Germany invaded Poland inthus initiating the Second World War. The passive voice, in this case, is unnecessarily wordy and clunky.

In general, the active voice makes your writing stronger, more direct, and, you guessed it, more active.

Passive voice in academic writing

The difference between active and passive voice While tense is all about time references, voice describes whether the grammatical subject of a clause performs or receives the action of the verb. Passive: It was earlier demonstrated that heart attacks can be caused by high stress. It clearly states what the authors have contributed in their article. Converting sentences to active voice Here are some tips and strategies for converting sentences from the passive to the active voice. John Geare provides a specific example for clarity. WHY use the passive voice in academic writing? The passive voice is thus extremely useful in academic writing because it allows writers to highlight the most important participants or events within sentences by placing them at the beginning of the sentence. In general, the active voice makes your writing stronger, more direct, and, you guessed it, more active. Sometimes in academic writing it might be expedient to use the passive voice in order to avoid naming the 'doer' of an action so that the message of your text is less inflammatory; for example, read the following excerpt: In this ideology the argument used to sustain the subjugation of women has largely rested on premises about biological difference - the biological differences between men and women have been used to legitimate hierarchical structures of social inequality. In each of the sentences below, the passive voice is natural and clear. We ignored it, of course, for style reasons.

Active: Two people who had no relationship with New York City conducted the interviews [or, Two people, neither of whom had a relationship with New York City, conducted the interviews]. Example 1: Passive: The interviews were conducted by two people who had no relationship with New York City.

Passive voice checker

Again, in this case, the authors are emphasizing that their research was approved. You will likely find that your new sentence is stronger, shorter, and more precise: Germany invaded Poland in , thus initiating the Second World War. Thus, the passive voice is justified. Middleton pushed his invitations beyond the point of politeness and into pushiness, but he still meant well. You can check the references for more information on the usage of active and passive voice across writing styles. The passive sentence focuses on handwashing practices rather than on the four members of staff. WHY use the passive voice in academic writing? The bank robbery took place just before closing time. These verbs are not needed in active sentence constructions, which is one main reason why many people say that active sentences are stronger and more concise. When in doubt, use the active voice.

A response on Quora John Geare, sums up the required balance in a succinct manner: In academic writing, passive voice is used to describe a process, the results of study, or similar material which is objective in nature.

It is obvious that it is the author who will be doing the discussing. Each section has a different goal and set of emphases, and you can adjust your use of active vs. In an active sentence, the person or thing responsible for the action in the sentence comes first. Middleton carried his entreaties to a point of perseverance beyond civility, they could not give offense.

active and passive voice examples with answers
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How to Effectively Use Active and Passive Voice in Academic Writing